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Anticancer Res. 2010 Aug;30(8):3113-8.

Recovery from immunosuppression-related disorders in humans and animals by IP-PA1, an edible lipopolysaccharide.

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Laboratory of Veterinary Physiology, Division of Animal Life Science, Graduate School, Institute of Symbiotic Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3-5-8 Saiwai-cho, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8509, Japan.


Immunopotentiator from Pantoea agglomerans 1 (IP-PA1), an edible lipopolysaccharide (LPS) derived from symbiotic bacteria in crops, is a promising immunomodulator. It activates macrophages and protects from chemotherapeutic agent-induced growth inhibition in macrophages in vitro. We showed the immune-recovery effects of IP-PA1 in a chicken model of dexamethasone-induced stress in which IP-PA1 inhibited thymic and bursal atrophy and improved antibody production in response to vaccination. Furthermore, we showed IP-PA1 improved survival of melanoma-bearing, doxorubicin-treated mice, although not directly affecting the proliferation of melanoma cells, dominantly through the improvement of host antitumor immunity. These results suggest that IP-PA1 could have other possible applications in the treatment of various immunosuppression-related disorders in humans and animals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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