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Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2011 Apr;111(4):435-41. doi: 10.1016/j.tripleo.2010.05.064.

Are temporomandibular joint disk displacements without reduction and osteoarthrosis important determinants of mandibular backward positioning and clockwise rotation?

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1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Center of Dentistry and Oral Surgery, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria. ruediger.emshoff@uki.at

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to estimate whether, in patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthralgia, the magnetic resonanace imaging (MRI) findings of bilateral TMJ disk displacement without reduction (DDwoR) and/or osteoarthrosis (OA) are determinants of mandibular backward positioning and/or clockwise rotation.

STUDY DESIGN:

Bilateral MRI of the TMJ was performed in 50 consecutive TMJ arthralgia patients to identify individuals with bilateral TMJ DDwoR and/or OA. Linear and angular cephalometric measurements were taken to apply selected criteria of mandibular backward positioning (FH to Na-Pog <84°, Na-A-Pog >5°, and SNB <75°) and clockwise rotation (FH to OP >13°, MP to FH >35°, and S-Gn to FH >64°). Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the association between selected MRI and cephalometric parameters.

RESULTS:

In the age- and gender-adjusted analyses, significant increases in risk of mandibular backward positioning and clockwise rotation occurred with bilateral DDwoR and OA (9.5:1; P = .040).

CONCLUSION:

In patients with TMJ arthralgia the MRI parameters of DDwoR and OA seem to be important determinants of mandibular backward positioning and clockwise rotation.

PMID:
20869274
DOI:
10.1016/j.tripleo.2010.05.064
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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