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Fertil Steril. 2011 Feb;95(2):736-41.e1-3. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2010.08.022. Epub 2010 Sep 24.

Nomogram for the decline in serum antimüllerian hormone: a population study of 9,601 infertility patients.

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Reproductive and Maternal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland.



To define an optimal model for the decline in circulating antimüllerian hormone (AMH) with age and develop a validated age-related nomogram.


Cohort study with validation of linear, biphasic linear, differential, power, and quadratic equations undertaken in two additional cohorts.


United Kingdom infertility clinics.


Training cohort of 4,590 infertile women. Two separate validation cohorts; 4,588 infertile women, and 423 women with confirmed ovulation and normal pelvic ultrasound who have a male partner with severe oligospermia.


Serum AMH measurement.


Optimal fit and age-related AMH nomogram.


The linear model had the largest sum of absolute and squared residuals and provided a less adequate fit than the four nonlinear models. Of these, the R(2) ranged from 19.45% to 19.48% in the training dataset, from 21.30% to 21.36% in the validation dataset, and from 13.29% to 13.75% in the partners of oligospermic males. The parameters of the differential model were difficult to estimate, and the goodness-of-fit of the power model was slightly inferior to the quadratic model.


Circulating AMH concentrations decline with increasing reproductive age in a manner optimally described by a quadratic equation. This validated age-related AMH nomogram will enable counseling of infertility patients regarding reproductive performance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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