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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2010 Sep;1799(9):622-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagrm.2010.09.003. Epub 2010 Sep 22.

Regulation of αENaC expression by the circadian clock protein Period 1 in mpkCCD(c14) cells.

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VA Medical Center, Gainesville, FL, USA.


The epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) mediates the fine-tuned regulation of external sodium (Na) balance. The circadian clock protein Period 1 (Per1) is an aldosterone-induced gene that regulates mRNA expression of the rate-limiting alpha subunit of ENaC (αENaC). In the present study, we examined the effect of Per1 on αENaC in the cortex, the site of greatest ENaC activity in the collecting duct, and examined the mechanism of Per1 action on αENaC. Compared to wild type mice, Per1 knockout mice exhibited a 50% reduction of steady state αENaC mRNA levels in the cortex. Importantly, siRNA-mediated knockdown of Per1 decreased total αENaC protein levels in mpkCCD(c14) cells, a widely used model of the murine cortical collecting duct (CCD). Per1 regulated basal αENaC expression and participated in the aldosterone-mediated regulation of αENaC in mpkCCD(c14) cells. Because circadian clock proteins mediate their effects as part of multi-protein complexes at E-box response elements in the promoters of target genes, the ability of Per1 to interact with these sequences from the αENaC promoter was tested. For the first time, we show that Per1 and Clock are present at an E-box response element found in the αENaC promoter. Together these data support an important role for the circadian clock protein Per1 in the direct regulation of αENaC transcription and have important implications for understanding the role of the circadian clock in the regulation of renal function.

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