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Phys Rev Lett. 2010 Jul 23;105(4):043003. Epub 2010 Jul 23.

Near-ultraviolet luminescence of N2 irradiated by short X-ray pulses.

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  • 1Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550, USA.


The Linac Coherent Light Source is an x-ray free-electron laser that recently demonstrated lasing in the 1.5-15 Å wavelength range. We report on luminescence measurements of a molecular nitrogen gas irradiated by ∼2  mJ, 80 fs x-ray pulses at energies of 0.83, 2.7, and 8.3 keV. These results provide a direct test of our current understanding of photoabsorption, electron dynamics, and fluorescence processes for such intense, ultrashort x-ray pulses. At 0.83 keV, the duration of the fluorescence signal depends strongly on space-charge effects. At 8.3 keV, space-charge effects are weak, and the signal duration is determined by the Auger electron dynamics.

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