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Phys Rev Lett. 2010 Jul 9;105(2):022002. Epub 2010 Jul 6.

Transverse-momentum and pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons in pp collisions at square root of s = 7 TeV.

Khachatryan V, Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Bergauer T, Dragicevic M, Erö J, Fabjan C, Friedl M, Frühwirth R, Ghete VM, Hammer J, Hänsel S, Hoch M, Hörmann N, Hrubec J, Jeitler M, Kasieczka G, Kiesenhofer W, Krammer M, Liko D, Mikulec I, Pernicka M, Rohringer H, Schöfbeck R, Strauss J, Taurok A, Teischinger F, Waltenberger W, Walzel G, Widl E, Wulz CE, Mossolov V, Shumeiko N, Suarez Gonzalez J, Benucci L, Ceard L, De Wolf EA, Hashemi M, Janssen X, Maes T, Mucibello L, Ochesanu S, Roland B, Rougny R, Selvaggi M, Van Haevermaet H, Van Mechelen P, Van Remortel N, Adler V, Beauceron S, Blyweert S, D'Hondt J, Devroede O, Kalogeropoulos A, Maes J, Maes M, Tavernier S, Van Doninck W, Van Mulders P, Villella I, Chabert EC, Charaf O, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Dero V, Gay AP, Hammad GH, Marage PE, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, Wickens J, Costantini S, Grunewald M, Klein B, Marinov A, Ryckbosch D, Thyssen F, Tytgat M, Vanelderen L, Verwilligen P, Walsh S, Zaganidis N, Basegmez S, Bruno G, 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Abstract

Charged-hadron transverse-momentum and pseudorapidity distributions in proton-proton collisions at square root of s = 7  TeV are measured with the inner tracking system of the CMS detector at the LHC. The charged-hadron yield is obtained by counting the number of reconstructed hits, hit pairs, and fully reconstructed charged-particle tracks. The combination of the three methods gives a charged-particle multiplicity per unit of pseudorapidity dN(ch)/dη|(|η|<0.5) = 5.78 ± 0.01(stat) ± 0.23(syst) for non-single-diffractive events, higher than predicted by commonly used models. The relative increase in charged-particle multiplicity from square root of s = 0.9 to 7 TeV is [66.1 ± 1.0(stat) ± 4.2(syst)]%. The mean transverse momentum is measured to be 0.545 ± 0.005(stat) ± 0.015(syst)  GeV/c. The results are compared with similar measurements at lower energies.

PMID:
20867699
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.022002
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