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Nano Lett. 2010 Oct 13;10(10):4200-5. doi: 10.1021/nl102566y.

Domain bundle boundaries in single crystal BaTiO3 lamellae: searching for naturally forming dipole flux-closure/quadrupole chains.

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Centre for Nanostructured Media, School of Maths and Physics, Queen's University Belfast, University Road, Belfast, BT7 1NN, UK.


Naturally occurring boundaries between bundles of 90° stripe domains, which form in BaTiO(3) lamellae on cooling through the Curie Temperature, have been characterized using both piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) and scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM). Detailed interpretation of the dipole configurations present at these boundaries (using data taken from PFM) shows that in the vast majority of cases they are composed of simple zigzag 180° domain walls. Topological information from STEM shows that occasionally domain bundle boundaries can support chains of dipole flux closure and quadrupole nanostructures, but these kinds of boundaries are comparatively rare; when such chains do exist, it is notable that singularities at the cores of the dipole structures are avoided. The symmetry of the boundary shows that diads and centers of inversion exist at positions where core singularities should have been expected.


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