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Diabetes Care. 2011 Jan;34(1):118-20. doi: 10.2337/dc10-0221. Epub 2010 Sep 23.

The prevalence of metabolic syndrome and associated risk factors in Northern Plains and Southwest American Indians.

Author information

1
Center for Native Hawaiian and Pacific Health Disparities Research, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. kaimisin@hawaii.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome by age, sex, and diabetes status in Northern Plains and Southwest American Indians.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Data for this analysis came from the Education and Research Toward Health (EARTH) study, a 5-year cross-sectional study of Southwest and Northern Plains American Indian adults. The National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP/ATP III) guidelines were used to identify adults with metabolic syndrome.

RESULTS:

The age-adjusted prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 49.8% among 4,457 participants aged 18-88 years. Age-adjusted prevalence was 42.4% for participants without diabetes and 86.6% for participants with diabetes. In participants aged <40 years, the overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 53.1%; 44.9% after excluding individuals with diabetes.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study confirms a high prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among Northern Plains and Southwest American Indians of all ages.

PMID:
20864516
PMCID:
PMC3005451
DOI:
10.2337/dc10-0221
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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