Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Trends Mol Med. 2010 Nov;16(11):516-27. doi: 10.1016/j.molmed.2010.08.005. Epub 2010 Sep 21.

Potential therapeutic interventions for fragile X syndrome.

Author information

1
CBG-Department of Clinical Genetics, Erasmus MC, Dr. Molewaterplein 50, 3015 GE, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is caused by a lack of the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP); FMRP deficiency in neurons of patients with FXS causes intellectual disability (IQ<70) and several behavioural problems, including hyperactivity and autistic-like features. In the brain, no gross morphological malformations have been found, although subtle spine abnormalities have been reported. FXS has been linked to altered group I metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR)-dependent and independent forms of synaptic plasticity. Here, we discuss potential targeted therapeutic strategies developed to specifically correct disturbances in the excitatory mGluR and the inhibitory gamma-aminobutyric (GABA) receptor pathways that have been tested in animal models and/or in clinical trials with patients with FXS.

PMID:
20864408
PMCID:
PMC2981507
DOI:
10.1016/j.molmed.2010.08.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center