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Clin Nephrol. 2010 Sep;74(3):173-81.

Recurrent focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in the renal allograft: single center experience in the era of modern immunosuppression.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology, Dept. of Medicine, St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, Canada. mschac1@gmail.com

Abstract

FSGS is an important cause of ESRD and tends to recur in allografts (rFSGS). Older series suggest recurrence rates of 30-60%. In the modern era of transplant immunosuppression, recurrence rates are unknown. There are also few data regarding prevalence of known genetic mutations in adult FSGS patients who undergo transplantation. Recently, FSGS has been subdivided into histological variants, which may predict renal outcomes; there is little information on patterns of recurrence and outcomes in these variants. Finally, treatment for rFSGS relies upon up-titrating calcineurin inhibitors and plasmapheresis. Insufficient information exists on the use of these regimens for rFSGS in the era of modern immunosuppression. We conducted a retrospective chart review involving all renal transplant recipients at Columbia University Medical Center from December 1999 to March 2007. Those with biopsy confirmed primary FSGS were included and information regarding baseline characteristics, histologic variants, genetics, treatment, and clinical outcomes were collected. FSGS recurred in 23% of patients. Those with collapsing histology on native kidney biopsy, tended to recur with the same histology. No known genetic mutations were identified among those with recurrence. Plasmapheresis resulted in complete or partial remission in 75% of those with recurrence. Recurrent FSGS resulted in a trend toward the combined outcome of ESRD or death compared to those without recurrence (27% vs. 12%). Modern immunosuppression does not reduce the rate of rFSGS, known genetic mutations are uncommon in such adult patients, collapsing FSGS tends to recur with the same histology, and plasmapheresis may be helpful in the treatment of recurrence.

PMID:
20860901
DOI:
10.5414/cnp74173
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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