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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2010 Nov;65(11):2423-7. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkq334. Epub 2010 Sep 21.

Efficacy of doripenem in the treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa experimental pneumonia versus imipenem and meropenem.

Author information

1
Université de Nantes, Faculté de Médecine, UPRES EA 3826, 1 rue Gaston Veil, 44000 Nantes, France. cedric.bretonniere@chu-nantes.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to compare doripenem with imipenem and meropenem in an experimental rabbit model of Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia and then to compare different doripenem doses and methods of intravenous administration.

METHODS:

Using a rabbit experimental model of pneumonia, efficacy was assessed following 2 days of treatment by colony counts of different tissues (lung, spleen and blood culture).

RESULTS:

Mean pulmonary bacterial loads were 3.17 ± 0.53, 3.42 ± 0.61 and 2.75 ± 0.59 log(10) cfu/g for imipenem, doripenem (0.5 g three times daily) and meropenem, respectively, compared with 7.57 ± 0.99 cfu/g for control animals. At a higher dose (1 g three times daily), doripenem showed significantly better efficacy (2.70 ± 0.65 log(10) cfu/g) than the standard regimen of doripenem. Sterilization of spleen cultures was achieved with standard regimens of imipenem (1 g three times daily) and a higher dose of doripenem.

CONCLUSIONS:

In this model of P. aeruginosa pneumonia, doripenem had an efficacy equivalent to that of meropenem and imipenem at a high dose of 1 g three times a day and lower efficacy at a standard dose (0.5 g three times daily) than the other two agents in terms of bacteria cultivated from spleens. Doripenem is a new drug that offers new therapeutic options, especially for difficult-to-treat infections such as pneumonia due to non-fermenting Gram-negative bacteria.

PMID:
20858688
DOI:
10.1093/jac/dkq334
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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