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Nano Lett. 2010 Oct 13;10(10):4222-7. doi: 10.1021/nl102684x.

Highly strained compliant optical metamaterials with large frequency tunability.

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Thomas J. Watson Laboratories of Applied Physics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA.


Metamaterial designs are typically limited to operation over a narrow bandwidth dictated by the resonant line width. Here we report a compliant metamaterial with tunability of Δλ ∼ 400 nm, greater than the resonant line width at optical frequencies, using high-strain mechanical deformation of an elastomeric substrate to controllably modify the distance between the resonant elements. Using this compliant platform, we demonstrate dynamic surface-enhanced infrared absorption by tuning the metamaterial resonant frequency through a CH stretch vibrational mode, enhancing the reflection signal by a factor of 180. Manipulation of resonator components is also used to tune and modulate the Fano resonance of a coupled system.


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