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Cell Biol Toxicol. 1990 Oct;6(4):365-78.

Influence of hormones and drugs on glutathione-S-transferase levels in primary culture of adult rat hepatocytes.

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Physiologisch-chemisches Institut, Universität Tübingen, FRG.


GST activities against 1-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) and 1,2-dichloro-4-nitrobenzene (DCNB) were measured in isolated and cultured adult rat hepatocytes. Within 24 h in culture, both GST activities decreased to about 70% and either stabilized at this level (CDNB) or recovered (DCNB) to the initial level. Use of hyaluronidase in addition to collagenase during the isolation of the cells strongly reduced both activities and its stimulation by various drugs for up to 168 h. The hormones insulin, glucagon, triiodothyronine, estradiol, testosterone, and progesterone did not affect GST activity, while dexamethasone showed some interference. In the presence of dexamethasone the activity against CDNB was mainly stimulated by the combination of methylcholanthrene (MC) and phenobarbital (PB) to about 260% within 168 h. The activity against DCNB was stimulated predominantly by MC alone reaching 170% after 168 h. Quantification of the GST subunits Ya, Yb1 and Yp by an ELISA technique revealed a strong decrease of Ya, a transient increase of Yb1 after 24 h followed by a moderate decrease, and a stable low level of the transformation marker Yp during cultivation. The level of Ya was markedly induced by PB, particularly in combination with MC. The level of Yb1 was equally induced by MC or PB with no synergistic effect. Yp was not affected by these drugs. None of the hormones affected the level of these GST subunits. These results indicate that the physiological type of regulation of the GSTs is maintained during primary culture and no signs of dedifferentiation or transformation are observed. Furthermore, they demonstrate that the interaction of drugs and hormones and their inducing potential can be efficiently studied in the cultured hepatocytes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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