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Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2010 Sep 7;6:375-85.

Faster return to work after psychiatric consultation for sicklisted employees with common mental disorders compared to care as usual. A randomized clinical trial.

Author information

1
Department of Developmental, Clinical and Crosscultural Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands. c.m.vdrFeltz@uvt.nl

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Return to work (RTW) of employees on sick leave for common mental disorders may require a multidisciplinary approach. This article aims to assess time to RTW after a psychiatric consultation providing treatment advice to the occupational physician (OP) for employees on sick leave for common mental disorders in the occupational health (OH) setting, compared to care as usual (CAU).

METHODS:

Cluster randomized clinical trial evaluating patients of 12 OPs receiving consultation by a psychiatrist, compared to CAU delivered by 12 OPs in the control group. 60 patients suffering from common mental disorders and ≥ six weeks sicklisted were included. Follow up three and six months after inclusion. Primary outcome measure was time to RTW. Intention- to-treat multilevel analysis and a survival analysis were performed to evaluate time to RTW in both groups.

RESULTS:

In CAU, referral was the main intervention. Both groups improved in terms of symptom severity and quality of life, but time to RTW was significantly shorter in the psychiatric consultation group. At three months follow up, 58% of the psychiatric consultation group had full RTW versus 44% of the control group, a significant finding (P = 0.0093). Survival analysis showed 68 days earlier RTW after intervention in the psychiatric consultation group (P = 0.078) compared to CAU.

CONCLUSION:

Psychiatric consultation for employees on sick leave in the OH setting improves time to RTW in patients with common mental disorders as compared to CAU. In further research, focus should be on early intervention in patients with common mental disorders on short sick leave duration. Psychiatric consultation might be particularly promising for improvement of RTW in those patients.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER:

ISRCTN: 86722376.

KEYWORDS:

RCT; anxiety disorder; major depressive disorder; mental disorders; psychiatric consultation; sickness absence; somatoform disorder

PMID:
20856601
PMCID:
PMC2938286
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