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J Surg Res. 2011 Dec;171(2):791-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2010.07.029. Epub 2010 Jul 29.

Continuous hemodiafiltration therapy ameliorates LPS-induced systemic inflammation in a rat model.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Oita University Faculty of Medicine, Yufu City, Oita, Japan. saku@med.oita-u.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Systemic inflammation can result in multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, a potentially life-threatening condition. Some reports suggest that continuous hemodiafiltration can effectively remove proinflammatory cytokines from circulation during systemic inflammation. In the present study, we investigated whether continuous hemodiafiltration therapy could prevent LPS-induced systemic inflammation and improve survival in a rat model.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Male Wistar rats were injected with lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 7.5 mg/kg body weight), and 6 h later were treated with either single-pass hemofiltration (C group), continuous hemofiltration (CHF group), continuous hemodiafiltration (CHDF group), or mock filtration (Control group). We performed histologic examinations of lung and liver tissues, determined serum cytokine levels, and survival rates for each treatment group, and compared cytokine removal between CHF and CHDF therapies.

RESULTS:

Histologic examination revealed significant reduction in inflammation in lung and liver tissues harvested 24 h after CHDF compared with the Control group. Likewise, LPS-induced serum TNF-α and IL-6 levels decreased with continuous hemodiafiltration along with a significant improvement in survival. After 30 min of treatment, both CHF and CHDF removed significant amounts of TNF-α and IL-6 from the blood. However, serum cytokine levels measured before and after filtration were not significantly different.

CONCLUSIONS:

Continuous hemodiafiltration therapy lowered inflammatory cytokines and increased survival rates in a rat model of systemic inflammation. Therefore, continuous hemodiafiltration may be a potential therapy for use against various systemic inflammatory diseases.

PMID:
20851419
DOI:
10.1016/j.jss.2010.07.029
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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