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Anesthesiol Clin. 2010 Sep;28(3):469-83. doi: 10.1016/j.anclin.2010.07.005. Epub 2010 Aug 14.

Laryngeal mask airways in ear, nose, and throat procedures.

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Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, 19104, USA.


The use of laryngeal mask airway (LMA) and its variants in ear, nose, and throat procedures have been extensively described in case reports, retrospective reviews, and randomized clinical trials. The LMA has developed a considerable following because of its lack of tracheal stimulation, which can be a considerable advantage in ear, nose, and throat (ENT) procedures. The incidence of coughing on emergence has been shown to be lower with the LMA than with the endotracheal tube (ETT). Although other approaches to smooth emergence have been described, few would argue that it is as easy to achieve a smooth emergence with an ETT as with an LMA. Although patients certainly exist for whom the LMA is contraindicated, many will experience better results with the LMA because of the features delineated in this article.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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