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Comput Methods Programs Biomed. 2011 Dec;104(3):e75-86. doi: 10.1016/j.cmpb.2010.06.021. Epub 2010 Sep 16.

Image processing and machine learning for fully automated probabilistic evaluation of medical images.

Author information

1
University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Computer and Information Science Tržaška 25, SI-1001 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Abstract

The paper presents results of our long-term study on using image processing and data mining methods in a medical imaging. Since evaluation of modern medical images is becoming increasingly complex, advanced analytical and decision support tools are involved in integration of partial diagnostic results. Such partial results, frequently obtained from tests with substantial imperfections, are integrated into ultimate diagnostic conclusion about the probability of disease for a given patient. We study various topics such as improving the predictive power of clinical tests by utilizing pre-test and post-test probabilities, texture representation, multi-resolution feature extraction, feature construction and data mining algorithms that significantly outperform medical practice. Our long-term study reveals three significant milestones. The first improvement was achieved by significantly increasing post-test diagnostic probabilities with respect to expert physicians. The second, even more significant improvement utilizes multi-resolution image parametrization. Machine learning methods in conjunction with the feature subset selection on these parameters significantly improve diagnostic performance. However, further feature construction with the principle component analysis on these features elevates results to an even higher accuracy level that represents the third milestone. With the proposed approach clinical results are significantly improved throughout the study. The most significant result of our study is improvement in the diagnostic power of the whole diagnostic process. Our compound approach aids, but does not replace, the physician's judgment and may assist in decisions on cost effectiveness of tests.

PMID:
20846741
DOI:
10.1016/j.cmpb.2010.06.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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