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Scientific Opportunities and Public Needs: Improving Priority Setting and Public Input at the National Institutes of Health.


Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on the NIH Research Priority-Setting Process.


Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 1998.
The National Academies Collection: Reports funded by National Institutes of Health.


The Institute of Medicine (IOM) was asked by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) "to conduct a comprehensive study of the policies and processes used by NIH to determine funding allocations for biomedical research" in accordance with a congressional provision (U.S. Congress, 1997a). The U.S. House and U.S. Senate authorization and appropriations committees requested that IOM present findings, conclusions, and recommendations "for improvements in the NIH research funding policies and processes and for any necessary congressional action." Specifically, the congressional committees asked that IOM "assess: the factors or criteria used by NIH to determine funding allocations for disease research, the process by which research funding decisions are made, the mechanisms for public input into the priority-setting process, and the impact of statutory directives on research funding decisions."

Copyright © 1998, National Academy of Sciences.

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