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Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011 Jan;30(1):89-95. doi: 10.1007/s10096-010-1058-0. Epub 2010 Sep 16.

Efficacy of fosfomycin and its combination with linezolid, vancomycin and imipenem in an experimental peritonitis model caused by a Staphylococcus aureus strain with reduced susceptibility to vancomycin.

Author information

1
Infectious Diseases Department, IDIBELL-Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. meniapi@hotmail.com

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo efficacies of therapies including fosfomycin against clinical Staphylococcus aureus isolates with reduced susceptibility to vancomycin (hGISA). Time-kill curves were performed over 24 h. Peritonitis in C57BL/6 mice was induced by intraperitoneal inoculation of 10(8) CFU/ml. Four hours later (0 h), therapy was started and the treatment groups were: control (not treated), fosfomycin (100 mg/kg/5 h), vancomycin (60 mg/kg/5 h), imipenem (30 mg/kg/5 h), fosfomycin plus linezolid, fosfomycin plus vancomycin and fosfomycin plus imipenem, receiving subcutaneous therapy over 25 h. Bacterial counts in peritoneal fluid, bacteraemia and mortality rates were determined. In vitro, fosfomycin showed a synergistic effect when combined with the other antimicrobials tested. In the animal model, fosfomycin combinations were effective and significantly reduced the bacteraemia rates achieved in the control, imipenem and vancomycin groups (p < 0.05). The best combination in vivo was fosfomycin plus imipenem. Also, fosfomycin plus linezolid was significantly better than vancomycin alone, reducing the bacterial concentration in the peritoneal fluid. In conclusion, in vitro and in vivo, fosfomycin in combination with linezolid, vancomycin or imipenem exerted a good activity. Fosfomycin plus imipenem was the most active combination, decreasing 3 log CFU/ml, and appears to be a promising combination for clinical practice.

PMID:
20844913
DOI:
10.1007/s10096-010-1058-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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