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Nat Rev Cardiol. 2010 Oct;7(10):564-75. doi: 10.1038/nrcardio.2010.121.

Cardiotoxicity of anticancer treatments: what the cardiologist needs to know.

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The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, TX 77030, USA.


Cardiotoxicity of anticancer treatments has become an increasingly important clinical problem faced by cardiologists. Left ventricular systolic dysfunction and heart failure generate the most concern, but clinical features and prognosis vary considerably depending on the causative agent. Anthracycline-related cardiomyopathy differs fundamentally from effects associated with newer targeted agents, such as trastuzumab. Other forms of cardiovascular disease that occur as a result of cancer treatment include hypertension, thromboembolic disease, pericardial disease, arrhythmia, and myocardial ischemia. The approach to cardiovascular disease in patients with cancer is often different from that in the general population, not only because of distinct underlying mechanisms and clinical features of their heart disease, but also because of the potential ongoing need for additional cancer treatment as well as the altered duration of anticipated survival. In an effort to maximize both quality of life and survival, cardiologists and oncologists should collaborate with the aim of balancing the risks of cardiotoxicity with the benefits of oncologic therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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