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Int Q Community Health Educ. 1981 Jan 1;2(1):3-22. doi: 10.2190/DQMY-DTXJ-FE8N-JKLD.

Factors in consistency between attitudes and behavior: implications for policies and programs.

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University of California, Los Angeles.


The paper deals with the factors which affect contraceptive attitudes, behaviors, and the relationship between the two. The analysis is based upon original survey data from 2,446 women in Venezuela and related literature. The results suggest that both positive attitudes and contraceptive accessibility are major determinants of contraception but at the aggregate level neither has a decisive advantage over the other. The three best predictors of contraceptive use are: specific contraceptive attitudes, social support, and accessibility of contraceptives. Their impacts on behavior are direct and additive; however, their impacts vary significantly by education and number of living children. In general attitude change strategy is more effective with younger women while improving accessibility affects older women more often. Implications for policy and programs are presented.

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