Send to

Choose Destination
Int Q Community Health Educ. 1994 Jan 1;15(4):405-21. doi: 10.2190/C8A0-VNCH-MNEB-H6AV.

Theory and action for effective condom promotion: illustrations from a behavior intervention project for sex workers in singapore.

Author information

Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine National University of Singapore.


Acquired immunodeficiency virus (AIDS) and sexually transmitted diseases (STD) control programs targeted at sex workers have focused on condom use. Reasons for non-condom use among female brothel-based sex workers in Singapore were found to be low self-efficacy, lack of condom negotiation skills, and barriers such as fear of annoying clients. Green's PRECEDE framework and Bandura's self-efficacy theory were applied to develop a project aimed at equipping sex workers with negotiation skills, overcoming barriers to condom use, and gathering support from brothel keepers and peers. The experimental group showed significant improvements in negotiation skills and outcome behavior of always refusing sex without a condom, that were supported by a decline in gonorrhea incidence. This article describes the application of behavior change and health education theories to achieve reduction in gonorrhea risk.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center