Send to

Choose Destination
J Proteome Res. 2010 Oct 1;9(10):5076-92. doi: 10.1021/pr1003642.

Comprehensive appraisal of the extracellular proteins from a monoderm bacterium: theoretical and empirical exoproteomes of Listeria monocytogenes EGD-e by secretomics.

Author information

INRA, UR454 Microbiology, Food Quality and Safety Team, Saint-Genès Champanelle, France.


Defined as proteins actively transported via secretion systems, secreted proteins can have radically different subcellular destinations in monoderm (Gram-positive) bacteria. From degradative enzymes in saprophytes to virulence factors in pathogens, secreted proteins are the main tools used by bacteria to interact with their surroundings. The etiological agent of listeriosis, Listeria monocytogenes, is a Gram-positive facultative intracellular foodborne pathogen, whose ecological niche is the soil and as such should be primarily considered as a ubiquitous saprophyte. Recent advances on protein secretion systems in this species prompted us to investigate the exoproteome. First, an original and rational bioinformatic strategy was developed to mimic the protein exportation steps leading to the extracellular localization of secreted proteins; 79 exoproteins were predicted as secreted via Sec, 1 exoprotein via Tat, 4 bacteriocins via ABC exporters, 3 exoproteins via holins, and 3 exoproteins via the WXG100 system. This bioinformatic analysis allowed for defining a databank of the mature protein set in L. monocytogenes, which was used for generating the theoretical exoproteome and for subsequent protein identification by proteomics. 2-DE proteomic analyses were performed over a wide pI range to experimentally cover the largest protein spectrum possible. A total of 120 spots could be resolved and identified, which corresponded to 50 distinct proteins. These exoproteins were essentially virulence factors, degradative enzymes, and proteins of unknown functions, which exportation would essentially rely on the Sec pathway or nonclassical secretion. This investigation resulted in the first comprehensive appraisal of the exoproteome of L. monocytogenes EGD-e based on theoretical and experimental secretomic analyses, which further provided indications on listerial physiology in relation with its habitat and lifestyle. The novel and rational strategy described here is generic and has been purposely designed for the prediction of proteins localized extracellularly in monoderm bacteria.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Chemical Society
Loading ...
Support Center