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Osteoporos Int. 2011 May;22(5):1537-46. doi: 10.1007/s00198-010-1372-5. Epub 2010 Sep 14.

Adherence and profile of non-persistence in patients treated for osteoporosis--a large-scale, long-term retrospective study in The Netherlands.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, VU University Medical Center Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands. cnetelen@planet.nl

Abstract

SUMMARY:

We analyzed 12-month compliance for all ten oral osteoporosis drugs in the Netherlands by medication possession ratio (MPR ≥ 80%) in 105,506 patients, and persistence in 8,626 starters indicated high MPR (91%), low persistence (43%), and no restart in 78% of the stoppers after 18 months.

INTRODUCTION:

We studied compliance and persistence for all available oral osteoporosis medications on a national scale in the Netherlands.

METHODS:

We analyzed the IMS Health's longitudinal prescription database, which represents 73% of all pharmacies in the Netherlands. Twelve-month compliance was measured by medication possession ratio (MPR) in a cross-sectional cohort of 105,506 patients who received at least three prescriptions. Twelve-month persistence (no gap in refills for >6 months) was measured in all 8,626 consecutive patients starting therapy, with a further follow-up in non-persistent patients during an additional 18 months for evaluation of switching, restart, or definitive stopping oral medication. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) of characteristics of non-persistence.

RESULTS:

MPR of ≥80% was found in 91% of patients. Persistence was 43% (range, 29-52%). Persistence was related to age >60 years (ORs, 1.41 to 1.64), pharmacy outside very dense urban area (ORs, 1.39 to 1.44), additional use of calcium and/or vitamin D supplementation (OR, 1.26 and CI, 1.13, 1.39) and use of glucocorticoids (OR, 0.65 and CI, 0.59, 0.72) or cardiovascular medication (OR, 0.88 and CI, 0.79, 0.97). Of non-persistent patients, 22% restarted within 18 months with oral osteoporosis drugs.

CONCLUSIONS:

One-year compliance for all available oral osteoporosis medications was high, but 1-year persistence was low. Most stoppers did not restart or switch during an additional 18-month follow-up. These data indicate a major failure to adequately treat patients at high risk for fractures in daily practice.

PMID:
20838773
PMCID:
PMC3073039
DOI:
10.1007/s00198-010-1372-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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