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Toxicol Pathol. 2010 Dec;38(7):1064-9. doi: 10.1177/0192623310378867. Epub 2010 Sep 13.

Nasal turbinate enlargement due to cartilage and bone proliferation: a normal developmental finding in young ferrets.

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Experimental Pathology Laboratories, Inc Sterling, Virginia, USA.


Toxicity studies of intranasally administered, live attenuated influenza virus vaccine candidates conducted in male and female ferrets led to the microscopic observation of individual differences in the size of nasal turbinates, especially in the dorsal aspect of the nasal cavity. The association of these enlarged turbinates with acute to subacute inflammation, which is sometimes common in ferrets given live attenuated influenza virus vaccine candidates, led to this detailed microscopic evaluation of turbinate enlargement (cartilaginous and osseous thickening, or COT) in control animals dosed intranasally with saline. Results of this evaluation led to the conclusion that COT is a normal developmental feature of growing ferrets, irrespective of inflammation in nasal tissues or inflammatory exudate in the nasal cavity.

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