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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010 Oct 15;401(2):175-81. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.09.006. Epub 2010 Sep 15.

Attenuation of beta2-adrenergic receptors and homocysteine metabolic enzymes cause diabetic cardiomyopathy.

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Department of Physiology & Biophysics, School of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202, USA.


Although adrenergic receptors (AR) and hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) are implicated in heart failure, their role in diabetic cardiomyopathy is not completely understood. We tested the hypothesis that glucose mediated depletion of beta2-AR and HHcy impair contractile function of cardiomyocytes leading to diabetic cardiomyopathy. To prove the hypothesis, cardiac function was assessed in 12week male diabetic Ins2+/- Akita and C57BL/6J mice by echocardiography, pressure-volume loop, and contractile function of cardiomyocytes. The results revealed cardiac dysfunction in Akita. To investigate the mechanism, the levels of beta2-AR, GLUT4, sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium ATP-ase-isoform 2 (SERCA-2) and homocysteine (Hcy) metabolic enzymes-cystathionine beta synthase (CBS), cystathionine gamma lyase (CTH), and methyl tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) were determined in the heart. It revealed down-regulation of beta2-AR, GLUT4, SERCA-2, CBS, CTH, and MTHFR in Akita. Attenuation of beta2-AR in hyperglycemic condition was also confirmed in cardiomyocytes at in vitro level. Interestingly, the ex vivo treatment of cardiomyocytes with beta2-AR antagonist deteriorated whereas beta-AR agonist ameliorated contractile function. It points to the involvement of beta2-AR in diabetic cardiomyopathy. We conclude that degradation of beta2-AR and impairment of Hcy metabolism is implicated in diabetic cardiomyopathy.

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