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Virol J. 2010 Sep 13;7:224. doi: 10.1186/1743-422X-7-224.

Failure to detect Xenotropic murine leukaemia virus-related virus in Chinese patients with chronic fatigue syndrome.

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Graduate School, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China.



Recent controversy has surrounded the question of whether xenotropic murine leukaemia virus-related virus (XMRV) contributes to the pathogenesis of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). To investigate the question in a Chinese population, 65 CFS patients and 85 blood donor controls were enrolled and multiplex real-time PCR or reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) was developed to analyze the XMRV infection status of the study participants. The assay was standardized by constructing plasmid DNAs and armored RNAs as XMRV standards and competitive internal controls (CICs), respectively.


The sensitivities of the multiplex real-time PCR and RT-PCR assays were 20 copies/reaction and 10 IU/ml, respectively, with 100% specificity. The within-run precision coefficient of variation (CV) ranged from 1.76% to 2.80% and 1.70% to 2.59%, while the between-run CV ranged from 1.07% to 2.56% and 1.06% to 2.74%. XMRV was not detected in the 65 CFS patients and 65 normal individuals out of 85 controls.


This study failed to show XMRV in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and plasma of Chinese patients with CFS. The absence of XMRV nucleic acids does not support an association between XMRV infection and the development of CFS in Chinese.

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