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J Appl Psychol. 2010 Sep;95(5):977-83. doi: 10.1037/a0019462.

Happy, healthy, and productive: the role of detachment from work during nonwork time.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Portland State University, Portland, OR 97207, USA. fritzc@pdx.edu

Abstract

Mentally distancing oneself from work during nonwork time can help restore resources lost because of work demands. In this study, we examined possible outcomes of such psychological detachment from work, specifically well-being and job performance. Although employees may need to mentally detach from work to restore their well-being, high levels of detachment may require a longer time to get back into "working mode," which may be negatively associated with job performance. Our results indicate that higher levels of self-reported detachment were associated with higher levels of significant other-reported life satisfaction as well as lower levels of emotional exhaustion. In addition, we found curvilinear relationships between psychological detachment and coworker reported job performance (task performance and proactive behavior). Thus, although high psychological detachment may enhance employee well-being, it seems that medium levels of detachment are most beneficial for job performance.

PMID:
20836591
DOI:
10.1037/a0019462
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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