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Anal Chem. 2010 Oct 1;82(19):8307-12. doi: 10.1021/ac101845q.

Compact and light-weight automated semen analysis platform using lensfree on-chip microscopy.

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Electrical Engineering Department, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA.


We demonstrate a compact and lightweight platform to conduct automated semen analysis using a lensfree on-chip microscope. This holographic on-chip imaging platform weighs ∼46 g, measures ∼4.2 × 4.2 × 5.8 cm, and does not require any lenses, lasers or other bulky optical components to achieve phase and amplitude imaging of sperms over ∼24 mm(2) field-of-view with an effective numerical aperture of ∼0.2. Using this wide-field lensfree on-chip microscope, semen samples are imaged for ∼10 s, capturing a total of ∼20 holographic frames. Digital subtraction of these consecutive lensfree frames, followed by appropriate processing of the reconstructed images, enables automated quantification of the count, the speed and the dynamic trajectories of motile sperms, while summation of the same frames permits counting of immotile sperms. Such a compact and lightweight automated semen analysis platform running on a wide-field lensfree on-chip microscope could be especially important for fertility clinics, personal male fertility tests, as well as for field use in veterinary medicine such as in stud farming and animal breeding applications.

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