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Baillieres Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1990 Dec;4(4):743-75.

Hyperlipidaemia in diabetes.


Currently our knowledge of the role of lipid abnormalities as risk factors for CHD in diabetes is insufficient. We need to define exact risk parameters to target correctly the therapy of lipid disorders and to outline optimum therapeutic strategies. Therefore it is necessary to identify quantitative and qualitative abnormalities of lipoproteins and apoproteins which signify the risk of CHD and to define their predictive power in prospective trials. Obviously we need to know more about the pathophysiology of lipid abnormalities and the action of insulin. Because diabetic patients carry a high inherent risk of CHD, target values recommended for non-diabetic populations may not be optimal for diabetic populations, but should be lower. To date no primary or secondary intervention trials in diabetic populations have been carried out to show that the lowering of lipid values (serum and LDL cholesterol) will reduce the risk of CHD morbidity or mortality or will prevent the progression of CHD in diabetes. Since hypertriglyceridaemia and low HDL levels are typical abnormalities in NIDDM it is a unique target group to test whether lowering of triglycerides and raising of HDL cholesterol levels will reduce the risk of CHD. Therefore there is a pressing need for clinical trials in both IDDM and NIDDM to provide adequate information on the benefits of lipid-lowering therapy and to confirm treatment strategies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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