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Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2010 Sep;6(5):777-88. doi: 10.1586/eci.10.47.

Current understanding of Kounis syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, HaydarpaƟa Numune Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. murbit2@yahoo.com

Abstract

Inflammatory mediators, adhesion molecules of neutrophils and monocytes, have been shown to be increased in the plasma of patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes. Anaphylaxis is a systemic, immediate hypersensitivity reaction caused by rapid IgE-mediated release of mediators from mast cells and basophils. Kounis syndrome is the coincidental occurrence of these two distinct conditions accompanied by clinical and laboratory findings of angina pectoris caused by inflammatory mediators released during an allergic insult. Allergic angina can progress to acute myocardial infarction, which is termed 'allergic myocardial infarction'. There are several causes reported to be capable of inducing Kounis syndrome. These include a number of conditions, several drugs, foods and insect stings, among others. In this article, the clinical aspects, diagnosis, pathogenesis, incidence and epidemiology, related conditions and therapeutic management of this important syndrome are discussed.

PMID:
20828286
DOI:
10.1586/eci.10.47
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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