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J Paediatr Child Health. 2010 Dec;46(12):754-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2010.01834.x. Epub 2010 Sep 3.

Impact of introducing binasal continuous positive airway pressure for acute respiratory distress in newborns during retrieval: Experience from Western Australia.

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1
Western Australian Neonatal Transport Service, Neonatology Clinical Care Unit, Princess Margaret and King Edward Hospitals, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA 6008, Australia. steven.resnick@health.wa.gov.au

Abstract

AIM:

We aimed to review the impact of introducing binasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for acute respiratory distress in newborns ≥32 weeks gestation during retrieval in Western Australia.

METHODS:

Retrospective review of newborns ≥32 weeks gestation with acute respiratory distress, transported by the Western Australian Neonatal Transport Service between February 2002 and December 2004.

RESULTS:

Respiratory management of 369 newborns was examined. CPAP use increased significantly during the study period from 33% in 2002 to 59% in 2004. Overall, endotracheal tube (ETT) ventilation was required in 108 (29%), nasal CPAP in 166 (45%) and cot oxygen in 95 (26%) patients. Twenty-two (13%) newborns in the CPAP group subsequently required ETT ventilation within 24 h: these babies had higher initial oxygen requirements than those successfully transported on CPAP alone. There was no significant morbidity or mortality in patients retrieved on CPAP.

CONCLUSION:

CPAP was increasingly utilised as an alternative to ETT ventilation for the management of most cases of less severe acute respiratory distress in near-term neonates on retrieval. This review demonstrated that newborns requiring more than 45-50% oxygen at the time of retrieval were more likely to require intubation at a later time, and hence may benefit from intubation at the time of retrieval. A prospective randomised trial would assist in ascertaining the true benefit of CPAP during retrieval in the newborn period.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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