Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Laryngoscope. 2010 Oct;120(10):2042-6. doi: 10.1002/lary.21097.

Early versus late injection medialization for unilateral vocal cord paralysis.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Center for Laryngeal Surgery and Voice Rehabilitation, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. afriedman3@partners.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate whether the timing of early (≤6 months from time of nerve injury) vs. late (>6 months) injection medialization laryngoplasty impacts the need for subsequent open-neck reconstruction to restore vocal function in patients with unilateral vocal cord paralysis.

STUDY DESIGN:

Retrospective chart review.

METHODS:

A total of 112 outpatient or hospitalized adults with dysphonia resulting from postsurgical or idiopathic unilateral vocal cord paralysis were identified who were injected as initial treatment within 1 year of onset of their paralysis. All subjects underwent awake, transoral, paraglottic injection with absorbable hyaluronic-acid gel. Patients with documented recovery of vocal cord mobility (22), active disease directly affecting the recurrent laryngeal nerve (8), <3 months of follow-up after injection (time for gel to be reabsorbed) (34), or deaths within 1 year after the onset of paralysis (13) were excluded, leaving a study population of 35 patients.

RESULTS:

Twenty of 32 (62.5%) patients with early injection medialization maintained an adequate voice, obviating the need for open-neck phonosurgical reconstruction; their follow-up from onset of paralysis ranged from 4.0 to 41.8 months (mean 15.2). None of the three patients undergoing late injection (>6 months postparalysis) avoided phonosurgical reconstruction (P = .03, χ2 test).

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients receiving early injection medialization for vocal cord paralysis were less likely to require transcervical reconstruction. We believe that early medialization creates a more favorable vocal cord position for phonation that can be maintained by synkinetic reinnervation, in contrast to the final position of a lateralized vocal cord being determined solely by reinnervation.

PMID:
20824787
DOI:
10.1002/lary.21097
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center