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J Autism Dev Disord. 2011 Jun;41(6):761-9. doi: 10.1007/s10803-010-1095-7.

Kiddie-SADS reveals high rates of DSM-IV disorders in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders.

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1
Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital, P.O. Box 26, 0319, Vinderen, Oslo, Norway. elen.gjevik@medisin.uio.no

Abstract

Prevalence of current comorbid DSM-IV disorders was assessed in a special school population of children and adolescents with ASD (N = 71, age 6.0-17.9 years), representing all cognitive levels and main ASD subgroups. Symptoms were assessed through parent interview and association to child characteristics was explored. Seventy-two percent was diagnosed with at least one comorbid disorder. Anxiety disorders (41%) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (31%) were most prevalent. Obsessive-compulsive disorder was more common in older children, and oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder more prevalent in pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified. Our results show high rates of comorbid DSM-IV disorders and underscore the importance of such evaluation in children ASD. However, diagnostic challenges are present and future research on the diagnostic validity of comorbid psychiatric disorders is needed.

PMID:
20824493
PMCID:
PMC3094530
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-010-1095-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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