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Radiol Phys Technol. 2010 Jan;3(1):40-5. doi: 10.1007/s12194-009-0074-1. Epub 2009 Nov 7.

Development of pulmonary blood flow evaluation method with a dynamic flat-panel detector: quantitative correlation analysis with findings on perfusion scan.

Author information

1
Department of Radiological Technology, School of Health Sciences, College of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kodatsuno, Kanazawa, Japan. rie44@mhs.mp.kanazawa-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Pulmonary blood flow is reflected in dynamic chest radiographs as changes in X-ray translucency, i.e., pixel values. Thus, decreased blood flow should be observed as a reduction of the variation of X-ray translucency. We performed the present study to investigate the feasibility of pulmonary blood flow evaluation with a dynamic flat-panel detector (FPD). Sequential chest radiographs of 14 subjects were obtained with a dynamic FPD system. The changes in pixel value in each local area were measured and mapped on the original image by use of a gray scale in which small and large changes were shown in white and black, respectively. The resulting images were compared to the findings in perfusion scans. The cross-correlation coefficients of the changes in pixel value and radioactivity counts in each local area were also computed. In all patients, pulmonary blood flow disorder was indicated as a reduction of changes in pixel values on the mapping image, and a correlation was observed between the distribution of changes in pixel value and those in radioactivity counts (0.7 <or= r, 3 cases; 0.4 <or= r < 0.7, 7 cases; 0.2 <or= r < 0.4, 4 cases). The results indicated that the distribution of changes in pixel value could provide a relative measure related to pulmonary blood flow. The present method is potentially useful for evaluating pulmonary blood flow as an additional examination in conventional chest radiography.

PMID:
20821100
DOI:
10.1007/s12194-009-0074-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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