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Chem Soc Rev. 2011 Jan;40(1):44-56. doi: 10.1039/b821763g. Epub 2010 Sep 6.

Gold nanostructures: a class of multifunctional materials for biomedical applications.

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Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA.


Gold nanostructures have proven to be a versatile platform for a broad range of biomedical applications, with potential use in numerous areas including: diagnostics and sensing, in vitro and in vivo imaging, and therapeutic techniques. These applications are possible because of the highly favorable properties of gold nanostructures, many of which can be tailored for specific applications. In the first part of this tutorial review, we will discuss the most critical properties of gold nanostructures for biomedical applications: surface chemistry, localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR), and morphology. In the second part of the review, we will discuss how these properties can be harnessed for a selection of biomedical applications, aiming to give the reader an overview of general strategies as well as highlight some recent advances in this field.

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