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J Lipid Res. 2010 Dec;51(12):3434-42. doi: 10.1194/jlr.M008573. Epub 2010 Sep 3.

Inhibition of collar-induced carotid atherosclerosis by recombinant apoA-I cysteine mutants in apoE-deficient mice.

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National Laboratory of Medical Molecular Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.


The previous studies in our laboratory revealed that seven cysteine mutants of apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) have different structural features and biological activities in vitro and in vivo. To investigate the potential cardioprotective effects of apolipoprotein A-I(N74C) [apoA-I(N74C)], we examined the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiatherosclerotic effects of this cysteine mutant in a rapid atherosclerosis model induced by perivascular carotid collar placement in apoE⁻/⁻ mice. Lipid-free apoA-I(N74C) showed a significant increased antioxidant potency in low density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation in vitro and reduced intracellular lipid accumulation in THP-1-derived macrophages, relative to wild-type apoA-I (apoA-Iwt). Mice injected with recombinant HDL (rHDL) reconstituted with apoA-I(N74C) (named rHDL74) through tail veins (40 mg/kg of body weight, three injections) had a significant lower level of serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and enhanced serum antioxidation compared with mice receiving rHDL reconstituted with apoA-Iwt (named rHDLwt). Moreover, compared with rHDLwt, the rHDL74 in vivo injection resulted in a significant decrease in plaque size, ratio of aorta intima to media, arterial remodeling, and macrophage content in lesions. In summary, intravenous injection with rHDL74 reconstituted with apoA-I cysteine mutant apoA-I (N74C) dramatically delays the development of atherosclerosis induced by perivascular carotid collar placement and reduces vascular remodeling in the carotid artery in apoE⁻/⁻ mice.

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