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J Biol Chem. 2010 Oct 29;285(44):33959-70. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.122978. Epub 2010 Sep 3.

SIRT1 deacetylates and inhibits SREBP-1C activity in regulation of hepatic lipid metabolism.

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Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA.


The SIRT1 deacetylase inhibits fat synthesis and stimulates fat oxidation in response to fasting, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here we report that SREBP-1c, a key lipogenic activator, is an in vivo target of SIRT1. SIRT1 interaction with SREBP-1c was increased during fasting and decreased upon feeding, and consistently, SREBP-1c acetylation levels were decreased during fasting in mouse liver. Acetylated SREBP-1c levels were also increased in HepG2 cells treated with insulin and glucose to mimic feeding conditions, and down-regulation of p300 by siRNA decreased the acetylation. Depletion of hepatic SIRT1 by adenoviral siRNA increased acetylation of SREBP-1c with increased lipogenic gene expression. Tandem mass spectrometry and mutagenesis studies revealed that SREBP-1c is acetylated by p300 at Lys-289 and Lys-309. Mechanistic studies using acetylation-defective mutants showed that SIRT1 deacetylates and inhibits SREBP-1c transactivation by decreasing its stability and its occupancy at the lipogenic genes. Remarkably, SREBP-1c acetylation levels were elevated in diet-induced obese mice, and hepatic overexpression of SIRT1 or treatment with resveratrol, a SIRT1 activator, daily for 1 week decreased acetylated SREBP-1c levels with beneficial functional outcomes. These results demonstrate an intriguing connection between elevated SREBP-1c acetylation and increased lipogenic gene expression, suggesting that abnormally elevated SREBP-1c acetylation increases SREBP-1c lipogenic activity in obese mice. Reducing acetylation of SREBP-1c by targeting SIRT1 may be useful for treating metabolic disorders, including fatty liver, obesity, and type II diabetes.

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