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J Biol Chem. 2010 Nov 5;285(45):34899-908. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.171496. Epub 2010 Sep 2.

Functional surfaces on the actin-binding protein coronin revealed by systematic mutagenesis.

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  • 1Department of Biology, Rosenstiel Basic Medical Science Research Center, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts 02454, USA.


Coronin is a conserved actin-binding protein that co-functions with ADF/cofilin and Arp2/3 complex to govern cellular actin dynamics. Despite emerging roles for coronin in a range of physiological processes and disease states, a detailed understanding of the molecular interactions of coronin with actin and other binding partners has been lacking. Here, we performed a systematic mutational analysis of surfaces on the yeast coronin β-propeller domain, which binds to F-actin and is conserved in all coronin family members. We generated 21 mutant alleles and analyzed their biochemical effects on actin binding and ADF/cofilin activity. Conserved actin-binding residues mapped to a discrete ridge stretching across one side of the β-propeller. Mutants defective in actin binding showed loss of synergy with ADF/cofilin in severing filaments, diminished localization to actin structures in vivo, and loss of coronin overexpression growth defects. In addition, one allele showed normal actin binding but impaired functional interactions with ADF/cofilin. Another allele showed normal actin binding but failed to cause coronin overexpression defects. Together, these results indicate that actin binding is critical for many of the biochemical and cellular functions of coronin and that the β-propeller domain mediates additional functional interactions with ADF/cofilin and possibly other ligands. Conservation of the actin-binding surfaces across distant species and in all three major classes of coronin isoforms suggests that the nature of the coronin-actin association may be similar in other family members.

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