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Oncol Rep. 2010 Oct;24(4):949-55.

14-3-3sigma expression as a prognostic marker in undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

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Department of Anatomical and Cellular Pathology, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, P.R. China.


In this study, we investigated the expression of 14-3-3sigma tumor suppressor gene in a panel of NPC cell lines, xenografts and primary tumors. Our objective was to determine the correlation between 14-3-3sigma expression and clinical outcome in NPC. We detected reduced 14-3-3sigma expression in 5/6 NPC tumor lines by quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting. By immunohistochemical staining, significant down-regulation of 14-3-3sigma was also found in 26/72 (36.1%) primary tumors of NPC patients, who were treated with curative radiotherapy. Promoter methylation was confirmed in a subset of primary tumors by methylation-specific PCR analysis. Importantly, we demonstrated that 14-3-3sigma expression is significantly associated with both overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS), but not with the clinical staging of NPC patients. The low 14-3-3sigma expression was associated with improved overall (p=0.029) and cancer-specific survival (p=0.042) on univariate analysis. 14-3-3sigma expression and staging were also independent variables to all the prognostic factors under multivariate analysis. In conclusion, low expression of 14-3-3sigma appears to be a valuable marker for better survival in patient with NPC. These results provide the evidence that 14-3-3sigma expression is a significant prognostic factor for NPC patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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