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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Feb 3;52(2):643-50. doi: 10.1167/iovs.10-5979.

Detection of M2-macrophages in uveal melanoma and relation with survival.

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1
Department of Ophthalmology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The presence of a high number of infiltrating macrophages in uveal melanoma is associated with a bad prognosis. However, there are several known types of macrophages, of which the M2 is considered to be proangiogenic and tumor-promoting. This study was conducted to determine whether the tumor-infiltrating macrophages in uveal melanoma are of this M2 subtype.

METHODS:

Macrophages were identified in sections from 43 uveal melanomas by immunofluorescence histochemistry, using monoclonal antibodies directed against CD68 and CD163. The immunopositive cell density was measured visually and with a confocal microscope and calculated per square millimeter. Results were compared with clinical and tumor characteristics.

RESULTS:

Infiltrating macrophages in uveal melanoma were predominantly CD68(+)CD163(+), thus of the M2 phenotype. The density of CD68(+), CD163(+), and CD68(+)CD163(+) cells was significantly increased in uveal melanomas with monosomy 3 compared with cases with disomy of chromosome 3 and was associated with ciliary body involvement. High CD68(+)CD163(+) staining was associated with an increased microvascular density. Survival was significantly better among patients with low CD68(+) and CD68(+)CD163(+) staining.

CONCLUSION:

The main type of macrophage present in uveal melanoma was the M2 type. Tumors with monosomy of chromosome 3 contained a higher number of M2-macrophages than tumors with disomy of chromosome 3. Infiltration of M2-type macrophages gives a worse prognosis for survival. As M2-type macrophages are proangiogenic, a high density of these cells may contribute to the previously noticed positive association between the density of CD68(+) macrophages and blood vessels.

PMID:
20811059
DOI:
10.1167/iovs.10-5979
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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