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Drug Alcohol Depend. 2011 Jan 1;113(1):76-81. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.07.011.

Crystal methamphetamine use among female street-based sex workers: Moving beyond individual-focused interventions.

Author information

1
British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. kshannon@cfenet.ubc.ca

Abstract

Given growing concern of the sexual risks associated with crystal methamphetamine use and the dearth of research characterizing the use of methamphetamine among street-based sex workers (FSWs), this study aimed to characterize the prevalence and individual, social, and structural contexts of crystal methamphetamine use among FSWs in a Canadian setting. Drawing on data from a prospective cohort, we constructed multivariate logistic models to examine independent correlates of crystal methamphetamine among FSWs over a two-year follow-up period using generalized estimating equations. Of a total of 255 street-based FSWs, 78 (32%) reported lifetime crystal methamphetamine use and 24% used crystal methamphetamine during the two-year follow-up period, with no significant associations between methamphetamine use and sexual risk patterns. In a final multivariate GEE model, FSWs who used crystal methamphetamine had a higher proportional odds of dual heroin injection (adjOR=2.98, 95%CI: 1.35-5.22), having a primary male sex partner who procures drugs for them (adjOR=1.79, 95%CI: 1.02-3.14), and working (adjOR=1.62, 95%CI: 1.04-2.65) and living (adjOR=1.41, 95%CI: 1.07-1.99) in marginalized public spaces. The findings highlight the crucial need to move beyond the individual to gender-focused safer environment interventions that mediate the physical and social risk environment of crystal methamphetamine use among FSWs.

PMID:
20810223
PMCID:
PMC3392206
DOI:
10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.07.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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