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PLoS One. 2010 Aug 17;5(8):e12106. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0012106.

Limited systemic sclerosis patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension show biomarkers of inflammation and vascular injury.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, New Hampshire, United States of America.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a common complication for individuals with limited systemic sclerosis (lSSc). The identification and characterization of biomarkers for lSSc-PAH should lead to less invasive screening, a better understanding of pathogenesis, and improved treatment.

METHODS AND FINDINGS:

Forty-nine PBMC samples were obtained from 21 lSSc subjects without PAH (lSSc-noPAH), 15 lSSc subjects with PAH (lSSc-PAH), and 10 healthy controls; three subjects provided PBMCs one year later. Genome-wide gene expression was measured for each sample. The levels of 89 cytokines were measured in serum from a subset of subjects by Multi-Analyte Profiling (MAP) immunoassays. Gene expression clearly distinguished lSSc samples from healthy controls, and separated lSSc-PAH from lSSc-NoPAH patients. Real-time quantitative PCR confirmed increased expression of 9 genes (ICAM1, IFNGR1, IL1B, IL13Ra1, JAK2, AIF1, CCR1, ALAS2, TIMP2) in lSSc-PAH patients. Increased circulating cytokine levels of inflammatory mediators such as TNF-alpha, IL1-beta, ICAM-1, and IL-6, and markers of vascular injury such as VCAM-1, VEGF, and von Willebrand Factor were found in lSSc-PAH subjects.

CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE:

The gene expression and cytokine profiles of lSSc-PAH patients suggest the presence of activated monocytes, and show markers of vascular injury and inflammation. These genes and factors could serve as biomarkers of PAH involvement in lSSc.

PMID:
20808962
PMCID:
PMC2923145
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0012106
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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