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Pediatr Dermatol. 2011 Jul-Aug;28(4):368-74. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1470.2010.01130.x. Epub 2010 Aug 27.

Systemic contact dermatitis in children: how an avoidance diet can make a difference.

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1
Division of Dermatology, Rady Children's Hospital-UCSD, San Diego, California 92123, USA.

Abstract

Systemic contact dermatitis is an under-recognized skin reaction that occurs secondary to systemic (oral, intravenous, intramuscular, inhaled, or subcutaneous) exposure to a hapten in a previously sensitized individual. Medicaments are the most common cause of SCD in the adult population, but other chemicals like nickel, cobalt, balsam of Peru, and formaldehyde have been implicated as well. Few reports in children exist to date. Dietary restriction has shown to be of some benefit in managing some adult patients. We present a case series of 8 pediatric patients diagnosed with SCD from the contact dermatology clinic, who showed marked improvement of their dermatitis after adequate dietary avoidance. We review common presentations of chemicals causing SCD in children and potential dietary modifications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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