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PLoS One. 2010 Aug 18;5(8):e12257. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0012257.

LRCH proteins: a novel family of cytoskeletal regulators.

Author information

1
Université de Toulouse UPS, Centre de Biologie du Développement, Toulouse, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Comparative genomics has revealed an unexpected level of conservation for gene products across the evolution of animal species. However, the molecular function of only a few proteins has been investigated experimentally, and the role of many animal proteins still remains unknown. Here we report the characterization of a novel family of evolutionary conserved proteins, which display specific features of cytoskeletal scaffolding proteins, referred to as LRCHs.

PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

Taking advantage of the existence of a single LRCH gene in flies, dLRCH, we explored its function in cultured cells, and show that dLRCH act to stabilize the cell cortex during cell division. dLRCH depletion leads to ectopic cortical blebs and alters positioning of the mitotic spindle. We further examined the consequences of dLRCH deletion throughout development and adult life. Although dLRCH is not essential for cell division in vivo, flies lacking dLRCH display a reduced fertility and fitness, particularly when raised at extreme temperatures.

CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE:

These results support the idea that some cytoskeletal regulators are important to buffer environmental variations and ensure the proper execution of basic cellular processes, such as the control of cell shape, under environmental variations.

PMID:
20805893
PMCID:
PMC2923620
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0012257
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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