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Clin Immunol. 2010 Dec;137(3):311-21. doi: 10.1016/j.clim.2010.08.002.

Possible role of LECT2 as an intrinsic regulatory factor in SEA-induced toxicity in d-galactosamine-sensitized mice.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8666, Japan.


To elucidate whether leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2 (LECT2) controls the progression of staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA)-induced toxicity, we examined the role of LECT2 in a mouse model. Almost all the C57BL/6J (B6) mice survived for 72 h after the injection of 0.1 μg of SEA and 20 mg of d-galactosamine (d-GalN). However, the same treatment protocol in LECT2(-/-) mice produced a high lethality (~90%), severe hepatic apoptosis, and massive hepatic and pulmonary hemorrhage, similar to the situation observed in B6 mice treated with 1.0 μg SEA/d-GalN. The plasma LECT2 levels in B6 mice treated with 1.0 μg SEA/d-GalN were inversely correlated with the plasma cytokine levels and were associated with prognosis. LECT2 administration increased the survival of B6 mice and down-regulated TNF-α and IL-6. These results suggest the involvement of LECT2 in the regulation of fatal SEA-induced toxicity in d-GalN-sensitized mice.

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