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Phytochemistry. 2010 Nov;71(16):1832-8. doi: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2010.07.010.

Specificity of DNA sequences recognized by the zinc-finger homeodomain protein, GmZF-HD1 in soybean.

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Division of Applied Life Science (BK21 program), Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701, Republic of Korea.


Zinc finger-homeodomain proteins (ZF-HDs) have been identified in many plant species. In soybean (Glycine max), GmZF-HD1 functions as a transcription factor that activates the soybean calmodulin isoform-4 (GmCaM-4) gene in response to pathogens. Recently, we reported specific binding of GmZF-HD1 to a 30-nt A/T-rich cis-element which constitutes two repeats of a conserved homeodomain binding site, ATTA, within -1207 to -1128bp of the GmCaM-4 promoter. Herein, homeodomain sequences of the GmZF-HD1 protein were compared to those of other homeodomain proteins and characterized the specificity of DNA sequences in the interaction of the GmCaM-4 promoter with GmZF-HD1 protein. Considering the conservation of homeodomains in plants, the AG sequence within a 30-nt A/T-rich cis-element is required for binding of the GmZF-HD1 protein. Approximately 25-bp of A/T-rich DNA sequences containing an AG sequence is necessary for effective binding to the GmZF-HD1 protein. Taken together, the results support the notion that the GmZF-HD1 protein specifically functions in plant stress signalling by interacting with the promoter of GmCaM-4.

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