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J Altern Complement Med. 2010 May;16(5):545-53. doi: 10.1089/acm.2007.0768.

Randomized controlled trial of acupuncture versus sham acupuncture in autism spectrum disorder.

Author information

1
Division of Child Neurology/Developmental Pediatrics/Neurohabilitation, Department of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China. vcnwong@hku.hk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We aim to study the efficacy of acupuncture versus sham acupuncture in children with autism spectrum disorder.

METHODS:

A single-blind randomized control trial was conducted in 50 children. These children were randomly assigned to the treatment group with tongue acupuncture (40 sessions over 8 weeks) or the control group (sham tongue acupuncture to nonacupoints in the tongue).

RESULTS:

There was improvement in both the treatment and control groups in all assessed measures but more so in the treatment than in the control group: (1) eye-hand coordination, performance, and practical reasoning of Griffiths Mental Developmental Scale; (2) sensory-motor, social, affectual, language, and total score of Ritvo-Freeman Real Life Scale; (3) Comprehension Language age in the Reynell Language Developmental Scale; and (4) Total Score and Mental Age in Symbolic Play Test. The only statistically significant improvement in the treatment as compared to the control group was seen in self-care and cognition domains of the Functional Independence Measure for children.

CONCLUSIONS:

We had demonstrated that a short course of acupuncture had efficacy in improving various developmental and behavioral aspects of children with autism. The long-term efficacy in functional gain needs to be further explored.

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PMID:
20804366
DOI:
10.1089/acm.2007.0768
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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