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Am J Pathol. 2010 Oct;177(4):1606-10. doi: 10.2353/ajpath.2010.100245. Epub 2010 Aug 27.

TLR2-mediated expansion of MDSCs is dependent on the source of tumor exosomes.

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Department of Microbiology & Immunology, JamesBrown Cancer Center, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40202, USA.


Exosomes released from tumor cells having been shown to induce interleukin-6 release from myeloid-derived suppressor cells in a Toll-like receptor 2/Stat3-dependent manner. In this study, we show that exosomes released from tumor cells re-isolated from syngeneic mice are capable of inducing interleukin-6 in a Toll-like receptor 2-independent manner, whereas the data generated from exosomes of tumor cells having undergone numerous in vitro passages induce interleukin-6 in a Toll-like receptor 2-dependent manner. This discrepancy may be due to the source of tumor cells used to generate the exosomes for this study. These results suggest that exosomes released from tumor cells that are not within a tumor microenvironment may not realistically represent the role of tumor exosomes in vivo. This is an important consideration since frequently passing tumor cells in vivo is an accepted practice for studying tumor exosome-mediated inflammatory responses.

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