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Gut. 2010 Sep;59(9):1265-9. doi: 10.1136/gut.2010.216077.

Simple non-invasive fibrosis scoring systems can reliably exclude advanced fibrosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Author information

1
Liver Unit, Level 6, Freeman Hospital, Freeman Road, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. stumcpherson11@yahoo.co.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Accurate evaluation of liver fibrosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is important to identify patients who may develop complications. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of simple non-invasive tests in identifying advanced fibrosis among patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD.

METHODS:

Consecutive patients with biopsy proven NAFLD were recruited from the Newcastle Hospitals Fatty Liver Clinic from 2003 to 2009. The AST/ALT ratio, AST to platelet ratio index, BARD (weighted sum of BMI>28=1 point, AST/ALT ratio>0.8=2 points, diabetes=1 point), FIB-4 (agexAST (IU/l)/platelet count (x10(9)/litre)x radicalALT (IU/l)) and NAFLD fibrosis scores were calculated from blood tests taken at time of biopsy.

RESULTS:

145 patients (82 male (61%), mean age 51+ or -12 years) were included. The mean body mass index was 35+ or -5 kg/m(2). 73 subjects (50%) had diabetes. 93 patients (64%) had non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. 27 (19%) had advanced fibrosis (Kleiner stage 3-4). The FIB-4 score had the best diagnostic accuracy for advanced fibrosis (area under receiver operator characteristic curve (AUROC) 0.86), followed by AST/ALT ratio (AUROC 0.83), NAFLD fibrosis score (AUROC 0.81), BARD (AUROC 0.77) and AST to platelet ratio index (AUROC 0.67). The AST/ALT ratio, BARD score, FIB-4 and NAFLD fibrosis scores had negative predictive values greater than 90% (93%, 95%, 95% and 92% respectively). Positive predictive values were modest. In order to exclude advanced fibrosis liver biopsy could potentially be avoided in 69% with AST/ALT ratio, 62% with FIB-4, 52% with NAFLD fibrosis score and 38% with BARD.

CONCLUSIONS:

The ALT/AST ratio, FIB-4 and NAFLD fibrosis scores can reliably exclude advanced fibrosis in a high proportion of patients with NAFLD, allowing liver biopsy to be used in a more directed manner.

PMID:
20801772
DOI:
10.1136/gut.2010.216077
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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